The world wide web is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, making it tricky for students to obtain the advice they require when writing essays. So our academic experts have written the following advice for you yourself to utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to make sure your writing hits the mark.
Comprehend the question
This could, during the face from it, sound like somewhat banal advice – but simple fact is the fact that neglecting to properly comprehend the question set is regarded as, or even the most typical cause of a disappointing grade with regards to essay writing. Have you been being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a particular circumstance? Evaluate the usefulness of a concept that is particular?
These are some of the common phrases found in essay questions, and every indicates a different collection of expectations. If you should be asked to critically evaluate a particular theoretical approach, by way of example, you have to gain an understanding not only of said theory, but in addition other common approaches. They must all be weighed against one another, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each theory and, importantly, you must arrived at a well-justified and conclusion that is confident. May be the theory good? Exactly what are its flaws? How do it is improved?
If you are asked to gauge the usefulness of something, however, you don’t necessarily have to go into just as much critical depth. Yes, you really need to still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you need to still note some strengths and weaknesses – however the majority of the task must emphasise the concepts practical usefulness. Probably the approach that is best is to locate one, or a few, case studies where the theory has been used – the thing that was the outcome with this? Does the use of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid regarding the above – you need to take a vital approach and measure the literature, however your focus needs to remain solidly regarding the theories that you have now been asked to compare and contrast. It is vital to show that you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.
In essence, the wording associated with essay question shall tell you how the essay must be written. It’s going to indicate where in actuality the focus of your essay should lie while you write and research.
Plan and schedule
Knowing the question is step one, but it is equally important which you make efficient utilization of the time that is available. Students often underestimate the amount of work expected to write a beneficial essay, which leads to a few things: (1) late nights during the library, and (2) a grade that is disappointing. If you’d like to achieve a great mark, you should start planning your essay the minute you obtain the essay question. Listed here table might be a useful aid:
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish draft that is firstInsert date)|
|Hand in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines that you won’t be left with too much work right before your hand-in date for yourself and committing to stick to them, you are ensuring. Additionally, it is important that you leave time, ideally a few days, between finishing your first draft and proofreading.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the clear almost all theories, arguments, and studies have flaws. Being descriptive is okay that you are able to leverage critical reasoning in your dealing with academic materials if you are looking to scrape a pass, but for a higher grade you need to show. Exactly what are the limitations associated with the theories you might be drawing on? How have these been dealt with when you look at the literature? Just how do they impact the caliber of arguments presented, and to what extent do they limit our comprehension of what you are studying? What alternate explanations might offer additional depth?
Critical thinking is what is likely to make your essay be noticeable. It shows the marker that you will be not only repeating the arguments which were fed for you throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner. A good method to practice that is to cover careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will see that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique leading to a gap with their own research.
Structure, focus and flow
Itself, which is why it is imperative that your essay follows a logical structure how you present your argument is nearly as important as the argument. A vintage word of advice would be to “tell them what you’re planning to tell them, then inform them, and tell them that which you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of the essay.
Having a clear and logical structure will help make sure that your essay stays focused, and doesn’t stray from the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value towards the argument you might be presenting. As you are writing, it’s advisable that you take a step back and ask yourself “what value does this sentence/section add? How can it connect to my argument that is overarching?” If you find which you can’t answer that question, there was a higher risk that you have strayed from your own core argument, and you will would you like to reconsider the path you’re taking.
It’s also wise to be sure that all the various areas of your essay fit together as a cohesive and logical whole, and therefore the transition in one argument to a higher is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one following the other with little consideration for the way they fit together, which inevitably contributes to a diminished grade. Be sure to inform your reader why you might be transitioning from 1 argument to another, why they’ve been in this particular order, and exactly how each argument helps shed light on a particular facet of what you are actually discussing.
If you’re still not one hundred percent sure, most commonly it is a good idea to skip towards the conclusion – this usually contains a detailed summary for the study, which can only help determine whether you ought to read the article in general. You don’t want to spend your time reading through and endless quantity of articles simply to realize that they aren’t actually relevant. After you have identified a few solid articles, you really need to (a) proceed through their bibliographies and take note of who they really are is essay-writer.com legit citing, as they articles is going to be of value for the research that is own (b) check into Google Scholar to see who may have cited them. To work on this, simply input the true name regarding the article into the search bar and hit enter. In the results, click “cited by” – this will return a listing of all of the articles that have cited the publication you searched for.
It’s essential that you don’t rely too heavily using one or a couple of texts, as this indicates towards the marker which you haven’t engaged utilizing the wider literature. You need to be particularly careful in making use of course books (i.e. “introduction to management” and the like), since these are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a balance that is careful novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing a totally ‘novel’ essay, without drawing about the same source, indicates which you haven’t made yourself acquainted with what had been published; citing someone for every point made suggests that you haven’t produced a novel argument. As such, it’s important you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics that you provide evidence (a credible citation) when. These, in turn, should support the overarching novel argument that you yourself are making.